Drying characteristics of biosludge from pulp and paper mills, TAPPI Journal August 2017
ABSTRACT: Handling and disposal of biosludge has been a persistent problem for many pulp and paper mills primarily because of the material’s high moisture content and poor dewatering and drying characteristics. Most biosludge is landfilled or incinerated, and some is used as a soil amendment. To incinerate biosludge, the mills mix it with primary sludge, mechanically dewater the mixture to 15%–30% solids, and burn it with hog fuel in biomass boilers. For biosludge to burn effectively, however, it must be dewatered or dried to at least 30%–35% solids. A sys-tematic study was conducted to examine the drying characteristics of biosludge collected from pulp and paper mills at various temperatures using a thermogravimetric dryer. The drying behavior of the tested biosludges was similar, adding fillers such as wood fines and biomass boiler fly ash to biosludge up to 30 wt% did not significantly affect the drying rate, higher organic content might make biosludge more difficult to dry, and increasing drying temperature significantly increases the drying rate as expected.
Application: Mills can optimize their biosludge handling and disposal practices by understanding the material’s drying characteristics.
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