Grease resistance test for paper and paperboard, Test Method T 559 cm-12



Please Note: This document will be available in PDF format in the "My Electronic Documents" link on the home page once your order has been completed. Please make sure you have the latest version of Acrobat Reader. Click on the Acrobat Reader icon to check for the latest version, it’s FREE. To print a hardcopy of a PDF file correctly you must have a postscript printer. If you are not sure if your printer is a postscript printer please refer to your owner’s manual.

Purchase of electronic (downloadable) documents made at www.tappi.org by credit cards, followed by instant download CANNOT be cancelled. We do not offer refunds on electronic download documents.

This classical method is an expanded and updated version of TAPPI UM 557 “Repellency of Paper and Board to Grease, Oil, and Waxes (Kit Test).”

Commonly known as the kit test, the method describes a procedure for testing the degree of repellency and/or the antiwicking characteristics of paper or paperboard treated with fluorochemical sizing agents (1,2).

Fluorochemical agents may impart both organophobic and hydrophobic characteristics to paper through a reduction in the surface energy of the sheet. This is done by a surface treatment of the fibers without the formation of continuous films.

This test was originally developed to allow papermakers to know when the applied fluorochemical was incorporated into the sheet and the approximate level of resistance. These were accomplished by testing production samples with a series of numbered reagents (varying in surface tension and viscosity or “aggressiveness”) held in bottles in a specially designed kit. The highest numbered solution (the most aggressive) that remained on the surface of the paper without causing failure was reported as the “kit rating” (hence the term “kit test”). This concept forms the basis for the current classical method.

Designed primarily as a surface repellency test for fluorochemical treatments, the use of this test for papers with film-like barriers or those treated with nonfluorochemical agents would have to be evaluated. 1.6 A related test is TAPPI T 454 “Turpentine Test for Voids in Glassine and Greaseproof Papers” which is more limited in terms of paper type and may detect a different failure mechanism than this method.

Grease resistance test for paper and paperboard
Grease resistance test for paper and paperboard, Test Method T 559 cm-12
49.00

New Releases

 

Kraft Recovery Boilers, Third Edition  


Sponsored by the Recovery Boiler Program R&D Subcommittee of the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) and published by TAPPI Press.


Purchase


 

Handbook For Pulp and Paper Technologists (The SMOOK Book), Fourth Edition

The best-selling text to introduce the entire technology of pulp and paper manufacture.

Purchase

 

Guidelines for Safe Assessment and Operation of Yankee Dryers  


A project of the Yankee Dryer Safety & Reliability Committee.

Purchase

 

Check our newest additions.


TAPPI Press offers some of the most in-depth resources and references for the forest products and related industries. 

See More

   
 

Available for Purchase – Conference Proceedings


TAPPI maintains a record of key conference papers, presentations, and other conference publications, available for purchase in a variety of formats.

See More