From biorefineries to bioproducts: conversion of pretreated pulp from biorefining streams to lignocellullose nanofibers, TAPPI Journal April 2019

Application: The development of LCNF as a high value coproduct from lignocellulosic biomass from side streams of biorefining processes could increase the economic feasibility of biorefining processes.

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From biorefineries to bioproducts: conversion of pretreated
ABSTRACT: This study investigates the use of pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis side streams and conver-sion to lignocellulose nanofibers. We used a steam-exploded and partial enzymatic hydrolyzed hardwood pulp and an organosolv pretreated softwood pulp to prepare lignocellulose nanofibers (LCNF) via microfluidization. The ener-gies applied on fibrillation were estimated to examine the energy consumption levels of LCNF production. The ener-gy consumptions of the fibrillation processes of the hardwood LCNF production and the softwood LCNF production were about 7040-14080 kWh/ton and 4640 kWh/ton on a dry material basis, respectively. The morphology and dimension of developed hardwood and softwood LCNFs and the stability and rheological behavior of their suspen-sions were investigated and are discussed.
Author: Chenggui Sun, Yang Gao, Richard Chandra, and Yaman Boluk

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