The sticky behavior of pulp and paper mill biosludge during drying, TAPPI Journal 2019



Application: Understanding the sticky behavior of biosludge after being dried to a certain solids content may help pulp and paper mills to improve the thermal efficiency of biosludge dryers and to turn biosludge into an attractive fuel for burning in biomass boilers.

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Author: Geanna Hovey, D. Grant Allen, and Honghi Tran
The sticky behavior of pulp and paper mill biosludge during
ABSTRACT: Pulp and paper mill biosludge becomes sticky after being dried to a certain solids content. As bio-sludge becomes sticky, it agglomerates and adheres to the heat transfer surfaces of the dryer. This undesirable property can lower the dryer efficiency and cause the drying equipment to fail.A systematic study was conducted to examine the sticky behavior of biosludge. The stickiness was evaluated by measuring the adhesive force between a sludge cake and a stainless steel substrate, and the cohesive force between a sludge cake and a sludge substrate. The results show that: i) both adhesive and cohesive forces increase markedly as the solids content increases, reaching a maximum value at about 13% solids, and then decrease steadily at a high-er solids content; ii) cohesive force is stronger than adhesive force, implying that biosludge tends to agglomerate rather than adhere to smooth equipment surfaces; and iii) mixing wood fines or fly ash from a biomass boiler reduc-es the stickiness of the mixture. These findings may help mills improve the thermal efficiency of biosludge dryers and to turn biosludge into a more attractive fuel for burning in biomass boilers.
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