The solubility of calcium carbonate  in green liquor handling systems, TAPPI Journal October 2019

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Understanding how CaCO3 scale is formed helps pulp mills develop viable strategies for mitigating the problem.

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Author: Alisha Giglio; Vladimiros G. Papangelakis; and Honghi Tran
The solubility of calcium carbonate in green liquor handlin
ABSTRACT: The formation of hard calcite (CaCO3) scale in green liquor handling systems is a persistent problem in many kraft pulp mills. CaCO3 precipitates when its concentration in the green liquor exceeds its solubility. While the solubility of CaCO3 in water is well known, it is not so in the highly alkaline green liquor environment. A systematic study was conducted to determine the solubility of CaCO3 in green liquor as a function of temperature, total titratable alkali (TTA), causticity, and sulfidity. The results show that the solubility increases with increased temperature, increased TTA, decreased causticity, and decreased sulfidity. The new solubility data was incorporated into OLI (a thermodynamic simulation program for aqueous salt systems) to generate a series of CaCO3 solubility curves for various green liquor conditions. The results help explain how calcite scale forms in green liquor handling systems.

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