Rheological characteristics of platy kaolin, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2019

Application: This paper on the rheological characteristics of platy kaolin includes techniques that can be used to determine how to run a coating on a coater after a change in the pigment package, without running on a pilot coater. The modeling techniques outlined can also be used to reduce dependence on benchwork to evaluate a for-mulation change effect on the coating rheology.

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Picture of the productRheological characteristics of platy kaolin, TAPPI JOURNAL S
ABSTRACT: Platy kaolin can provide significant value in the coating of paper and paperboard. It can be used in multiple applications and can provide benefits such as titanium dioxide (TiO2) extension, smoothness improvement, improved print gloss or ink set rates, calendering intensity reduction, and improved barrier properties. It is not a pigment that can be simply substituted for traditional hydrous kaolin without some adjustment to the coating formulation. These adjustments can be as simple as reducing solids, but may require binder changes as well. The coater setup may need to be adjusted because of the unique rheological behaviors these pigments exhibit.The unique rheological characteristics of platy kaolin are explored here. Measurements of the water retention of platy kaolin containing coatings confirm that water retention is not reduced in comparison to more blocky kaolin pigments, despite the lower coating solids at which they need to be run. This means that the rheological characteristics are the most important in understanding the runnability. An extensive analysis reveals some unique behaviors that need to be understood when utilizing these materials. Viscoelastic measurements indicate that, for this binder system, Tan d is mainly a function of solids. This may explain how weeping is initiated on a blade coater. The degree of shear thinning behaviors is investigated using the Ostwald de-Waele power law. The immobilization point was determined using the Dougherty-Krieger equation and related to the work of Weeks at the University of Maine on blade coater runnability. An indirect measure of particle shape and size synergy is also demonstrated using the Dougherty-Krieger equation parameters.

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