Combatting lime kiln ringing problems at the Arauco Constitución mill, TAPPI Journal July 2020

Application: This blasting strategy has been implemented since the beginning of 2018. With it, the kiln can now run nonstop between annual maintenance shutdowns, substantially reducing the costs associated with ring removal and lime replacement during unscheduled shutdowns.

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Author: Eduardo Keim, Jorge Zuñiga, and Honghi Tran
Combatting lime kiln ringing problems at the Arauco Constitu
ABSTRACT: The lime kiln at the Arauco Constitución mill experienced severe ringing problems requiring it to be shut down for ring removal every 3 to 6 months. The mill controlled the problems by blasting ring deposits off during operation with its existing industrial shotgun and a newly installed Cardox liquid carbon dioxide (CO2) cartridge system. Various ring blasting procedures were tested to determine the optimum ring location and thickness to blast; the optimum depth to insert the CO2 cartridge into the kiln; and the most effective blasting frequency and sequence to employ. The best strategy was found to be the weekly blasting operation that alternated between the liquid CO2 cartridge and the industrial shotgun, with the CO2 cartridge inserted into the ring mass, 20 cm (8 in.) away from the refractory brick surface, and the shotgun aimed at rings at about 28 m (92 ft) from the kiln discharge end. With each blasting event removing considerably more rings than before, it takes a longer time for rings to rebuild, allowing the kiln to run continuously between annual maintenance shutdowns with only a few short (< 4 h) downtimes for ring removal. This substantially reduces the costs associated with ring removal and lime replacement during unscheduled shutdowns.

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