The use of hollow sphere pigments as strength additives in paper and paperboard coatings—Part 1:  The predictive nature of packing models on coating properties, TAPPI Journal November 2020



Application: This study focuses on the theory of bimodal spherical packing and demonstrates the predictive nature of packing models on the properties of coating systems. It uses this model to inform real world formulations designed for improved coating strength in thermal paper applications.

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Author: Ethan Glor, Brian Einsla, John Roper, Jian Yang, and Valeriy Ginzburg
The use of hollow sphere pigments as strength additives in p
ABSTRACT: Hollow sphere pigments (HSPs) are widely used at low levels in coated paper to increase coating bulk and to provide gloss to the final sheet. However, HSPs also provide an ideal system through which one can examine the effect of pigment size and particle packing within a coating due to their unimodal and tunable particle sizes. The work presented in Part 1 and Part 2 of this study will discuss the use of blends of traditional inorganic pigments and HSPs in coating formulations across a variety of applications for improved coating strength. Part 1 of this study focuses on the theory of bimodal spherical packing and demonstrates the predictive nature of packing models on the properties of coating systems containing HSPs of two different sizes. This study also examines conditions where the model fails by examining the effect of particle size on coating strength in sytems like thermal paper basecoats where the non-HSP component has a broad particle size distribution, and how these surprising trends can be used to generate better-than-expected thermal printing performance in systems with low HSP/clay ratios. Part 2 of this study focuses on the incorporation of HSPs of different particle sizes into paperboard formulations to affect coating strength and opacity.
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