Use of fines-enriched chemical pulp to increase CTMP strength, TAPPI Journal April 2021

Application: In this study, we show how the strength of a CTMP sheet can be improved by adding fine material from kraft pulp.

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Author: Elisabeth Björk, Mikael Bouveng, Hannes Vomhoff, and Per Engstrand
Use of fines-enriched chemical pulp to increase CTMP strengt
ABSTRACT: In this study, fines-enriched pulp (FE-pulp)—the fine fraction of highly-refined kraft pulp—was benchmarked against highly-refined kraft pulp (HRK-pulp) as a strength agent in eucalyptus chemithermomechanical pulp (CTMP). Both the FE-pulp and the HRK-pulp were produced from unbleached softwood kraft pulp, and equal amounts of those strength agents were added to the original CTMP, as well as to washed CTMP, where most of the fines had been removed. The effects of the added strength agents were evaluated with laboratory handsheets.The FE-pulp proved to be twice as effective as HRK-pulp. Both HRK-pulp and FE-pulp increased the strength of the CTMP handsheets. The bulk of the handsheets decreased, however, as well as the drainability. The addition of 5% FE-pulp resulted in the same strength increase as an addition of 10% HRK-pulp, as well as the same decrease in bulk and CSF. For the handsheets of washed CTMP, the strengths were not measurable; the CTMP lost the sheet strength when the CTMP-fines content was reduced through washing. The reduced strength properties were compensated for by the addition of chemical pulp fines that proved to be an efficient strength agent. The addition of 5% FE-pulp restored the strength values, and at a higher bulk and higher drainability.

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