A guide to eliminating baggy webs, TAPPI Journal June 2021

Application: Bagginess is the result of an uneven CD tension profile. This paper demonstrates that bagginess can be eliminated by leveling the CD moisture profile entering the dryer section of the paper machine and in some instances, leveling the basis weight, moisture, and caliper profiles at the reel.

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Author: Frédéric Parent, Jean Hamel, and David McDonald
A guide to eliminating baggy webs, TAPPI Journal June 2021
ABSTRACT: Slack or baggy webs can cause misregistration, wrinkles, and breaks in printing and converting operations. Bagginess appears as non-uniform tautness in the cross direction (CD) of a paper web. The underlying cause is uneven CD tension profiles, for which there are few remedies once the paper is made. Precision measurements of CD tension profiles combined with trials on commercial paper machines have shown that uniform CD distribution of moisture, basis weight, and caliper profiles at the reel are key to avoiding bagginess. However, the most important but infrequently measured factor is the CD moisture profile entering the dryer section. Wetter areas entering the dryers are permanently elongated more than dry areas, leading to greater slackness in the finished paper. In storage, wound-in tension can amplify baggy streaks in paper near the surface of a roll and adjacent to the core. Unwrapped or poorly wrapped rolls exposed to low humidity environments may have baggy centers caused by moisture loss from the roll edges.All of the factors that impact bagginess have been incorporated in a mathematical model that was used to interpret the observations from commercial trials and can be used as a guide to solve future problems.

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