Influence of pallet pattern on top-to-bottom compression performance of unitized loads, TAPPI Journal November 2021

Application: This work highlights how the pallet pattern used for stacking corrugated containers affects the overall compression strength of the unit load. This paper provides environmental scaling factors based on different pallet patterns used for unitizing loads.

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Author: Kyle Dunno, Changfeng Ge, Glenn Rogers, and Steve Johnson
Influence of pallet pattern on top-to-bottom compression per
ABSTRACT: Environmental scaling factors estimate a corrugated container’s ability to withstand various conditions it will encounter during the storage and distribution process. In this project, we examined the compressive resistance of unitized loads using differing pallet stacking patterns. To simulate real-world failure scenarios in our laboratory tests, we used two different nominal board grades of single-wall C-flute regular slotted containers loaded with a plywood panel and bagged salt to direct the failure location to the bottom of the stack. Our results showed that the columnar aligned pattern provided the greatest compressive resistance and the interlocked stacking arrangement yielded the lowest of the patterns evaluated. Based on the study results, we calculated box compression retention multipliers for each pattern and compared them to scaling factors published by the Fibre Box Association.

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