Using bleaching stage models for benchmarking hardwood ECF bleach plants, TAPPI Journal October 2023


Application: Multistage models are used to identify how much chlorine dioxide is being used inefficiently, which can infer how much brownstock and/or extraction washer carryover is occurring with D(EOP)D sequences. The models can show if brownstock and/or extraction washing is problematic, or if certain shower water sources at the washers are beneficial or detrimental to overall bleach usage.

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Author: Brian N. Brogdon
Using bleaching stage models for benchmarking hardwood ECF b
ABSTRACT: Steady-state models estimated the performance of the D0(EOP)D1 bleach sequence at two mixed hardwood bleach plants in the southern United States. At Mill 1, the full sequence’s chlorine dioxide charge that brightens the pulp to ~84% ISO was monitored for two weeks. Mill 2 considered the partial sequence that brightens the pulp to ~86% ISO for nearly four weeks. Elevated levels of chlorine dioxide were linked to increased washer carryover in brownstock and extraction areas. For Mills 1 and 2, an extra 0.24% and 0.33% chlorine dioxide was consumed in the D0 stage. This extra bleach demand was equivalent to an additional 4.8 and 5.5 kappa load to the brownstock, respectively. Some differences were observed for the D1 stage. Mill 1 had extraction carryover that averaged 1.1 units higher than was measured, contributing to use of an extra 0.22% of chlorine dioxide. Mill 2 had extraction carryover that averaged between 0 and 0.7 kappa units and consumed up to 0.13% more chlorine dioxide. Another data set from Mill 2 showed high brownstock and extraction carryover, leading to ~0.90% more total chlorine dioxide usage to brighten to 84% ISO. Overall, this investigation illustrated that the models could be employed as benchmarks.

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