EFFECT OF HIGH SULPHATE CONTENT ON FLUIDITY OF RECOVERY BOILER MOLTEN SMELT, 2023 PEERS Conference
A systematic study was conducted to examine the effect of high sulfate content on the freezing tempeture of molten smelt and how this may contribute to the formation of viscous jellyroll smelt in recovery boilers. The results show that even for recovery boilers with a smelt reduction as low as 70%, the sulfate content in smelt has no or little effect on smelt freezing temperature, and hence, on molten smelt fluidity. The perceived adverse effect of high sulfate content on smelt fluidity and on jellyroll smelt formation comes from the high sulfate content in deposits that have fallen from the upper furnace. Fallen deposits may or may not form jellyroll smelt depending on whether or not they can melt and be well-mixed with molten smelt by the time they reach the smelt spouts. It is not the high sulfate content in smelt resulting from the low smelt reduction efficiency that makes molten smelt viscous and forms jellyroll smelt, but rather, it is the incomplete melting of fallen deposits that results in jellyroll smelt formation.
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