Georgia Kenaf Project, 1995 Pulping Conference Proceedings

Brijender Parsad, Sue Jakubsen, Michael Kocurek, Ph. D

Herty Foundation

Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinis) is an annual tropical fiber crop. It has traditionally been a source of bast fibers for the production of cordage and coarse yarns, in countries such as India, China; Iran, Nigeria, and El Salvador. About 4000 acres are now being grown in the Western and Southern United States. In the past there have been numerous attempts to commercially utilize kenaf as a substitute of wood fiber in the production of paper and paper board. In a study conducted by USDA in 1956, the kenaf was selected as having the best potential for the production of pulp in the USA In 1991, the Georgia legislature allocated funding to investigate whether kenaf can be grown in the State of Georgia as a cash crop for Georgia farmers and supplied to the pulp and paper industry economically, as a partial substitute for southern pine and southern hardwood chips. In the year 1993, University of Georgia with Herty Foundation and the Ankal Inc., began a study to determine the technical and economic feasibility of growing and processing kenaf in the state. The study shows that kenaf can be commercially grown in the State of Georgia. The irrigation and fertilizing of kenaf throughout the growing season are beneficial for overall fiber yield, as well as for fiber properties. Yield as high as 10.2 tons per acre can be obtained with 160 pounds of nitrogen application. The processing of the fiber shows very encouraging results[l]. The kenaf core and bark pulp enhance the strength properties of the linerboard when used as a substitute for hardwood for the top liner of a southern pine base sheet. The smoothness of the hardwood top sheet and kenaf top sheet were found comparable. The kenaf pulp need little or no refining to be used as a top sheet for linerboard. The kenafbark pulp can be bleached to the brightness level of 89% ISO using total chlorine free bleaching sequence OQPZEP.

Author: Parsad, B., Jakubsen, S., Kocurek, M.
Georgia Kenaf Project, 1995 Pulping Conference Proceedings
Georgia Kenaf Project, 1995 Pulping Conference Proceedings

New Releases

TAPPI PRESS Catalog eBook 2024

Experience the Power of Publications in the 2024 TAPPI Press Catalog



Kraft Recovery Boilers, Third Edition  

Sponsored by the Recovery Boiler Program R&D Subcommittee of the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) and published by TAPPI Press.



Handbook For Pulp and Paper Technologists (The SMOOK Book), Fourth Edition

The best-selling text to introduce the entire technology of pulp and paper manufacture.



Guidelines for Safe Assessment and Operation of Yankee Dryers  

A project of the Yankee Dryer Safety & Reliability Committee.



Check our newest additions.

TAPPI Press offers some of the most in-depth resources and references for the forest products and related industries. 

See More


Available for Purchase – Conference Proceedings

TAPPI maintains a record of key conference papers, presentations, and other conference publications, available for purchase in a variety of formats.

See More