Mill experience of calcium carbonate scale formation in green liquor pipelines, TAPPI Journal August 2020

Application: By understanding the main cause of hard scale formation in green liquor pipelines, mills can devise viable solutions to the problem.

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Author: A. Giglio, H. Tran, M. Björk, R. Wadsborn, H. Lagimodiere, and M. Dion
Mill experience of calcium carbonate scale formation in gree
ABSTRACT: Experience of hard calcite (CaCO3) scale formation in green liquor pipelines at four kraft pulp mills was systematically investigated to determine if there is any correlation between the severity of the scaling problem at each mill and the design and operating conditions of its causticizing plant. The results show that the high degree of supersaturation of calcium ions (Ca2+) in the liquor is the main contributing factor. Mills that operate at a lower green liquor total titratable alkali (TTA), higher causticity, and a larger liquor temperature drop are more likely to produce a green liquor that is supersaturated with Ca2+, and thus experience more severe scaling problems. In order to minimize CaCO3 scaling, the green liquor handling equipment should be operated as steady as possible to avoid conditions that allow Ca2+ to be supersaturated. The strategies include minimizing variations in liquor TTA, insulating the green liquor pipelines to reduce temperature gradients, and adding lime mud to weak wash to provide seeds for precipitation to occur on mud particles instead of on metal substrate.

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